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Toyota Land Cruiser 1980

 
The Land Cruiser manufactured by the Toyota Motor Corporation of Japan, has its history buried in the 1950s. The American Army put in a request for 4-wheel drive vehicles to be used by the soldiers and military police. Toyota took up a tender for a vehicle for the Japanese National Police Reserve Force and by 1951 the BJ prototype was ready. It was called the 'Toyota Jeep'. It came with a 2.2 liter, 4-cylinder L-head engine and had a part time four wheel drive system. The NPA later adopted the BJ as their official patrol car. In 1954, after objections from Willys, the manufacturers of the Jeep, the Land Cruiser name emerged. In 1958, the Land Cruiser 25 series was launched that came with a 3.8 liter, 6-cylinder F engine. From the year 1961 through 1984, the 40 series of Land Cruiser did its rounds. It was the classic Land Cruiser. The earlier Cruiser came equipped with a 3-speed transmission; however by 1974 a 4-speed transmission was available. The FJ60 was launched in 1980. It was loaded with comforts such as front disc brakes, air conditioning, rear heater, and improved interior. The engine of the FJ60 was either the 2F gasoline variant or the 3B diesel variant. The FJ60 was popular even in Africa and Australia, mainly due to its reliability. The Land Cruiser is still in production with the latest version, the Land Cruiser KX/KXR, being launched in 2005. The KX was aimed at the professional market while the KXR was targeted at the off-road vehicle segment.

 
TOMICA



Tomy Co. of Japan was founded in 1924 and produced various toys throughout its existence, but it was not until 1970 that it started to produce Tomica as a result of the surge of interest in die-cast cars. Although Tomica of various scales have been made, the term “Tomica” when used alone refers to the 3-inch models. Regular Tomica refers to the mainstream Tomica sold at the regular price—domestic series, foreign series, or common series, depending on the time of release. Tomy Corporation made its North American and European debut in 2010, under the Tomica brand.

A. The Typical of 3-Inch Tomica

1. Tomica Domestic Series (“Black Box”/“Red-and-White Box”)

Initially, Tomy only produced Japanese cars. This started out with the concurrent release of six models in 1970. The seventh model was issued later in 1970. From then on, the Tomica line grew in number until there was a total of 109 concurrently-sold models in 1978 — nos. 1 – 108 plus no. 110. The first no. 109 model was proposed and seen in catalogues but was never released. The variety of models also expanded from the initial coupes and saloons to taxis, buses, lorries, work vehicles and other commercial vehicles, to even steam engines and an ocean cruiser. As new models were issued, each was assigned a number within 1 to 110, thus replacing the existing model. In the early 1980s, Tomy experienced financial difficulties. Subsequently, the domestic model line was reduced to only 80 models (nos. 1 – 80) in 1983. These models were mainly packaged in picture boxes. At first, the boxes used a black background. Since 1984, each new model came with a new style box with red-and-white background, while existing models issued before 1984 kept using the older style box with black background until 1988, when all boxes were updated to the new style. Hence, domestic models are commonly referred to as the “black box” or “red-and-white Box” models depending on their boxes.

2. Tomica Foreign Series (“Blue-and-White Box”)

To share a piece of the toy car market in the other parts of the world, Tomy had great plans of exporting its models early on, and this was done starting in 1974 with the appearance of “Tomy Pocket Cars” in Canada and the United States of America. However Japanese cars weren’t good sellers overseas, so Tomy started producing “foreign” models, of cars produced outside Japan, in 1976. American, German, Italian, British, French, and cars from other countries could be found, making the Tomica product line more colourful. For the ones sold domestically in Japan, their packaging was equally colourful. Each foreign series car was packaged in a picture box that showed a flag of the country of that particular car. Since these boxes have the base colours of blue and white, they are also called the “blue-and-white box” models. At any one time, a total of 70 models were produced under the foreign line, numbered F1 to F70.

3. Tomica Common Series (“Red-and-White Box”)

In 1988, Tomy combined its foreign models into the domestic series. Most of the first 40 models from the foreign series were added to the 80 domestic models. Those foreign models that got transferred were assigned a number that was its F series number plus 80. A handful of these foreign models were discontinued after a few months’ appearance under the new line. Overall about half of them had been discontinued after two years.

4. Tomica Limited Series

Since 2001 Tomy has produced the TL series targeted for the collector. These models are made with higher details, and one of their biggest features is realistic-looking wheels with rubberized plastic tyres. Although many of them are based on existing or discontinued regular Tomica models, some are new castings made exclusively for the TL line, namely, Nissan Skyline GTB, Toyoda AA, and new MINI Cooper. In the case of the new MINI Cooper, the model was first released for the TL series in 2004 but in 2006 included in the regular line as no. 43. Model numbers started at 0001. Each model is produced for a limited period of time, so models with smaller numbers are discontinued while new models with higher numbers continue to appear. These models are packaged in open cardboard boxes surrounded on four sides with a transparent plastic sleeve.

5. Special Models

Tomica has produced a number of special models over the years. These are unique models that are not found in the regular line or the Limited Series. There are four types of special model:

  • An existing regular model with small modifications or additions of accessories. These are commonplace for gift sets. An example is the Mitsubishi Pajero RV found in the 1995 RV 1 Set.
  • A truck model that shares the cab and the chassis of an existing model. These are also common for gift sets although also found as stand-alone models.
  • A model that is based on an existing model but has the major car body modified. Examples are:
  • A totally new casting. All of these had been produced under the contract of another model company or another business. Their common fate is that Tomy eventually issues them as regular models. Examples include:
  • Also, in 2004, no. 121 was available for a limited period from Mitsuoka Motors. This was a 1/1 scale electric single seater vehicle which featured a retro Citroen H Van front end and side panels.


B. Japan, Hong Kong, and China Castings

Until 1993, Tomica models were almost exclusively produced in Tomy's local factory in Tokyo, Japan. One exception was that six of the models issued in 1971 and 1972 were made in Hong Kong:

Another exception was that a few existing models had their production moved to China in 1990. These were the first made-in-China Tomica models. However all newly issued models were still produced in Japan.

Then in 1993, Tomy Co. of UK contracted Tomy Co. of Japan to produce a line of 36 Tomica cars (the “British Line”) using existing casts. To save on production costs, these were to be produced in China. Since 1994, Tomy also used the facility in China to produce new models, and in May 1995 the production of existing regular line models also started moving from Japan to China. This was done in phases. By July 1997, all regular line Tomica cars were made in China. Old casts that were not used for mass production of the British line models, regular models, or gift set models during this period remained in Japan. Therefore, special releases that used these old castings were still made in Japan. There were a few exceptions, for different reasons :

  • No. 9 Komatsu Power Shovel PC200, issued in 1995, was made in Japan because the model was already planned in 1994 and also because it shared components with the older no. 9. Production was moved to China when the model was produced for a gift set later in 1995.
  • No. 20 Nissan Skyline GT-R R33, issued in 1995, was made in Japan because the model was also used for special releases under the contract of II ADO, another model company. Production was moved to China in 1997 along with others during the last phase of moving.
  • No. 30 Mitsubishi Pajero, issued in 1999, was made in Japan because the model was concurrently issued as a special promotional model for Mitsubishi Motors in Japan. Production moved to China after two months, when the promotion stopped.
  • No. 105 Coca Cola Route Truck, issued in 1996, was made in Japan as well. However, this model was simply a different colour and livery on an existing casting, so it was not truly a new model.


C. Old Wheels

The earliest Tomica cars had one-piece chrome-plated wheels. Starting in 1971, models were produced with two-piece wheels of various styles, and the one-piece chrome-plated wheels were phased out in 1972 (except that all the models made in Hong Kong had the one-piece wheel). The two-piece wheels were used until 1977, while newer one-piece wheels of various styles were used since 1976, and they are still used today.

D. Everything Else About Tomica

  • Long Tomica

Lengthier buses and semi-trailer trucks were models not suitable for the regular small boxes, so Tomy also started the "Long Tomica" series in 1977. Castings such as trucks, double-decker buses or Shinkansen trains were produced as single models until 1993. However, some of these long models can still be found in gift sets, such as the JAL Airport Vehicles Set.

  • Combat Tomica

In early times, Tomy produced the 1/87 diecast Combat Tomica series. The series started with the model M-60 U.S. Army Medium Tank and, later on, models such as the U.S. M-60A-1E-1, the German TIGER-I, the Japanese Type 61 and the Russian SU-85 were produced. There were two types of Combat Tomica but they both contained exactly the same models. The first one was like regular Tomica models; the models came in a paper box, there were some soldier figures for decoration and a set of wheels to make the model movable (since the caterpillar tracks, unlike the present caterpillar Tomica models, did not really function). The second one was the metal model kits requiring manual assembly. These kits came in larger boxes inside which were the parts of the vehicles. The production of the Combat Tomica lasted only a few years, however Tomy continued producing military vehicles such as rocket launcher trucks, troop trucks, and jeeps, for its regular "3-inch" series.

  • Tomica Dandy

Tomica Dandy cars are larger scale models. These were produced from the 1972 until 1993. At first, they were all Japanese models. Just like the common Tomica, the Tomica Dandy line also received foreign models, starting in 1977. The numbering system was changed in 1984 based on the nature of the vehicles (e.g. emergency, police, Japan, foreign, etc.). In 2001, Tomy reissued six Tomica Dandy models in limited quantities. Tomica Dandy castings have also been used in gift sets and the Limited S Series, but these models have the “Dandy” name on their base plates removed.

  • Motorized Tomica

Tomy started producing motorized cars in 1980s beginning with the Power Tomica series. This series did not last long. In 1992, it released a new series called B/O Tomica (stands for battery-operated Tomica). They were produced and sold as single models until 2003. All the B/O Tomica are made in Japan, while all the Motor Tomica (including the Animated Motor Tomica) are made in China. To fit on the motorized base, these castings often have altered scales. In general, sport utility vehicles appear in their proper scales, saloons appear a bit bulky, and buses and lorries are disproportionately short. In 2005, a new series for motorized Tomica was released containing generic vehicles such as a police patrol car. This late series targets toddlers and is made of ABS plastic.

  • Pullback Tomica

These first appeared in the 1980s and there were six models at that time. In the year 2002, Tomy again produced pullback models

  • R/C Tomica

Remote Tomica models using the same bodies of the Motor Tomica models but a new type of chassis.

  • Tomica Limited Vintage

Starting from 2004, Tomytec, a branch of Tomy which engages in producing fine and realistic models, has been producing models for the Tomica Limited Vintage series. In the series, there are mostly 1950s and 1960s Japanese vehicles such as the Nissan Cedric, Prince Gloria and Toyopet Crown. These vintage Tomica models are of very high details when compared to the regular Tomica models or even the Tomica Limited models. The series "Tomica Limited Vintage Neo" was also introduced a few years later which contained cars and buses of the 1980s and 1990s.

  • Specialized Character Tomica

In the 1970s, Tomica had a special line of models with figures of characters from the cartoon Snoopy sitting on or in the vehicles. Tomica later also produced models with Disney characters on them and also started an utterly new series called Putica for these Disney characters. Circa 1990s, when Tomy created a cartoon called "Tomica Rescue", it started another series using regular Tomica models and some Matchbox models with some add-ons such as cannons, armors and water hoses. In 1996, a series specially designed for the Japanese comic or cartoon "Bakuso Kyodai Let's & Go !!" (爆走兄弟レッツ&ゴー) was initiated. Then came the "Ma-ha Go Go Go" ("マッハGoGoGo" aka "Speed Racer" in the West) series in 1998. In 2002 a series called Magnum Rescue was launched and it was designed very much like today's Hyper Rescue and Hyper Blue Police, unfortunately, due to safety issues the Magnum Rescue Police Cruiser was recalled not long after its release. In 2005, to celebrate the 60th Anniversary of the renowned Thomas and Friends, Tomy started the Thomas series. Other recent Specialized Character Tomica series include the "Hyper Rescue" series, the "Hyper Blue Police" series, the Cars(a Disney/Pixar animation) series, the Pokémon series and the Disney Motors series.

 Source: Wikipedia

 
GreenLight Black Bandit


Save

The Black Bandit® Collection was first introduced in 2004 as single-release premium die-cast cars in 1:64 scale under license to two die-cast model car manufacturers, including GreenLight® Collectibles.  The first seven cars, produced under the Johnny Lighting brand, were the VW Bus, VW Beetle, 1970 Mustang Boss 302, 1949 Merc, 1963 Split Window Corvette, 1967 Chevy Camaro and 1950 VW Split Window Beetle.

The next two were Greenlight promotional cars – a 1971 Dodge Charger and a 1968 Ford Mustang GT 2+2 Fastback. In the Spring of 2008 Black Bandit was transformed into a 6-car set, mass produced by GreenLight for exclusive distribution through Toys ‘R’ Us stores nationwide and Hobby Distributors/Wholesalers around the globe.

Black Bandit - Series 5

1:64th Scale

  • 1967 Pontiac GTO Convertible
  • 1970 Oldsmobile 442
  • 1972 AMC Javelin AMX
  • 1967 Chevy Impala
  • 2003 Mercury Marauder
  • 1966 Shelby GT-350

Black Bandit - Series 4

1:64th Scale

  • 2009 Dodge Challenger
  • 2008 Chevy Corvette C6R
  • 1970 Plymouth Road Runner Convertible
  • 1969 Dodge Charger Daytona
  • 1968 Buick GS400
  • 1965 Ford Galaxie



Black Bandit - Series 3

1:64th Scale

  • 2006 Chevy Camaro Concept
  • 1977 Dodge Ramcharger
  • 1967 Ford Mustang Fastback
  • 1970 Pontiac GTO Convertible
  • 1966 Ford Galaxie - Race
  • 2008 Dodge Charger



Black Bandit - Series 2

1:64th Scale

  • 1965 Chevrolet Chevelle
  • 1965 Dodge D-100 Pickup Truck
  • 1968 Plymouth GTX
  • 1971 Plymouth HEMI Cuda
  • 1971 Chevrolet Camaro Z/28
  • 2007 Shelby GT500




Black Bandit - Series 1

1:64th Scale

  • 1964 Plymouth Fury Convertible
  • 1968 Chevrolet Chevelle SS
  • 1968 Dodge Charger R/T
  • 1969 Ford Mustang Boss 302
  • 1989 Pontiac Firebird Formula 350
  • 2006 Chevrolet Corvette Z06




 
EFSI

Originally founded in 1959 this factory was set up by the Dutch government and was meant to increase the social integration of disabled people by making it easier for them to get a job.

 

From 1962 onwards the models (most of them, but not all, in 1/64) were sold under the Best-Box name, but around 1971 the company name was changed to Efsi. This probably originates from the organisation that was behind Best-Box, FSI (Federation for Social Integration). It was also around that time that a wide range of truck models of various brands started to appear on the market.

 

Manufacturing promotional models became a major part of Efsi's activities during the 1980's and 1990's, and the quality of the models was further improved by replacing the 'fast-wheels' with less toy-like wheels with rims and better decorations. Efsi also supplied models to Siekmann & Co. in Germany that offered the models with their own printing under the ASA2000 name until 1986. The Efsi name itself was used until 1988, at that time the FSI seized to exist and the factory closed its doors. The moulds were sold taken over by Holland-Oto.
 
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